Many may have forgotten that Milton Friedman begins Capitalism and Freedom with a critique of President Kennedy’s inaugural speech. It is well-worth another look – so dig out your dusty and yellowed copy and read the introduction again. The key line is this one:
The free man will ask neither what his country can do for him nor what he can do for his country.
Given the context, Friedman clearly (mis)uses the term country as a stand-in for government or state. Understanding this makes his critique even more powerful, otherwise it would sound a lot closer to Rand than the Friedman who believed in private charity and wouldn’t have a problem with sacrificing for the good of others in the community as long it was voluntary.