The Politics and Policy of Health Care in the Age of PPACA

Avik Roy has an interesting piece in National Review on how conservatives (really, free-marketeers) should approach the policy and politics of health care in the age of PPACA. I largely agree with his policy prescriptions, somewhat vaguely stated as they are:

First, Republicans must foster a truly free market for health insurance by eliminating the differing tax treatment of employer-sponsored and individually purchased insurance. Second, Republicans must make dramatic improvements to Medicaid, using Mitch Daniels’s impressive reforms in Indiana as a template. Third, Republicans must move Medicare onto a sustainable path that puts financial control in the hands of seniors themselves rather than central planners.

I would also argue for repealing state-level health insurance mandates, but that is properly the role of state governments. (As noted in this blog, allowing purchase of health insurance under other states’ laws would achieve more or less the same end.)

Roy’s analysis of the political situation is insightful. Republicans and conservative Democrats are very unlikely to achieve a filibuster-proof majority after the 2012 elections. Therefore, repeal of PPACA will have to be passed through reconciliation. But since the CBO scored PPACA as reducing the deficit, a simple repeal cannot pass through reconciliation.Thus, whether they like it or not, Republicans will have to take on new spending cuts to any repeal.

And this on the presidential race is spot on:

This means that influential Republican activists must — must — coalesce around the most electable Republican presidential candidate who can articulate conservative health-care principles. This is no time for single-issue small-ball or personal score-settling. A GOP nominee who passes all the litmus tests but can’t win in November would only succeed in making Obamacare permanent. One who can win but isn’t capable of pushing for real health-care reform wouldn’t be much better.

The first criterion rules out Palin and Gingrich (and let’s be honest, Paul and Johnson too). The second rules out Huckabee and Romney. Who’s left? Mitch Daniels?

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